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Education System in GERMANY

Germany Offers free education for pupils between 6 to 18 years.

Age 3 to 6 —Children may attend Kindergarten

Grade 1 to 4 —Elementary school/ Grundschule is mandatory

Based on the recommendation of Elementary school teachers, academic ability of the pupil & parents choices, students attend one of the 3 different kinds of secondary schools.

Grades Covered 5 to 9 (some schools offer 10th grade)
Duration 5 to 6 years
Age level 10 to 15 years
Degree Hauptschul abschluss
Direction Leads to part-time enrollment in a vocational school combined with apprenticeship training until the age of 18

Grades Covered 5 to 10
Duration 6 years
Age level 10 to 15 years
Degree Mittlere Reife
Direction Leads to part-time and higher vocational schools

Students with high academic achievement may switch to Gymnasium.

Grades Covered 5 to 13
Duration 9 years
Age level 10 to 18 years
Degree Abitur
Direction Prepare students for university study or for a dual academic and vocational credential

Grades Covered 5 to 10
Duration 6 years
Age level 10 to 15 years
Degree Hauptschulabschluss in the 9th grade/Mittlere Reife in the 10th grade
Direction May follow one of the directions from either Realschule or Gymnasium

Higher education

Post secondary education, students have a wide choice from more than 200 University of Applied Sciences & 300 universities offering variety of courses & degree programs.

More theory oriented
Degrees offered includes Bachelor, Master & Doctorate
Research plays an integral part of the study
Gaining knowledge & not practical application is the goal
Faculties include Education, Law, Medicine, Social & Cultural sciences, Business Management.

Technical University⁄Technische Universität
Offers courses only in Engineering & Science
Degrees offered includes Bachelor, Master & Doctorate
Research plays an integral part of the study

University of Applied Sciences⁄Fachhochschule
More practice oriented
Offers Bachelors programs in general
Some institutions also offer Masters Program
Though research is gaining importance but the focus remains at application oriented study
Excellent job opportunities owing to the close tie up with industry

College of Arts & Music
College of Music offer courses in composition, directing, training on an instrument, voice, jazz, music theater, stage dance, and music education.
College of Arts offer courses in Painting, Graphic Design, Sculpture and art education, architecture, stage design, ceramics, glass painting, restoration work, and art media.
To get admission one should have demonstrate ability & exceptional talent.


The eligibility criteria may differ from university to university. So please refer to the University website for the eligibility criteria for the course that interests you. General eligibility criteria to Graduate study at a University in Germany are listed below.

1. Academics

 Certification of Undergraduate study (Bachelor degree) in similar field

2. Language Requirement

 If the course is completely in German, then proof of proficiency in German Language.

 German as a Foreign Language Test(TestDaF).

 German Language Test for the Admission of Foreign study applicants(DSH).

 If the course is in English, then proof of proficiency in English — TOEFL (550 and higher (PBT), 213 and higher (CBT), 79 and higher (IBT) ) or IELTS 6.0

 For bilingual courses, appropriate proof may be required

3. Entrance qualification

 For engineering courses, some universities may demand GRE

 For Business management courses, some universities may demand GMAT

4. Work Experience

 Improved chances of admission if relevant work experience in the field of further study.

 Some universities require the student to take entrance test either online or upon arrival at the campus (in the later case conditional admission is provided)

5. Project Work⁄Thesis

 Demonstration of technical ability through project execution.

6. Extracurricular activities

 Paper presentation, participation in Technical symposium, conference etc will be highly appreciated.